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Watershed Policy

Water resources management implemented in an integrated (multi-sectoral), comprehensive (upstream-downstream, the quality-quantity, continuous (between generations)), environmental friendliness with DAS (the unit area hydrological) as a management unit. One river, one plan, one integrated management taking into consideration the current administration (decentralization) can be determined that:
1) Unit river watershed in the sense that the unity of hydrological region that could include administrative areas defined as a unit area that can not be separated.
2) In the river just apply the master plan and plans of integrated, comprehensive, sustainable and environmentally friendly.
3) In the river designated a management system to ensure the integration of strategic policy and planning operations from upstream to downstream.

Development and management of water resources nationally done holistically, planned and sustainable. Planning, development and management of water resources that are specific to be done in a decentralized with regard to the territorial integrity of the watershed. Utilization of water resources should be based on the principles of participation and consultation in the community at all levels and encouraging the growth of mutual commitment between the relevant parties (stakeholders) and the implementation of all activities / activities are socially appropriate.

In accordance with the definition of river basin management that is man’s attempt to control the interrelationships between natural and human resources in the watershed, and all its activities, with the goal of fostering sustainability and harmony of ecosystems and improve the usefulness of natural resources for humans in a sustainable manner, then as a consequence any legislation and the policy governing the allocation of natural resources will directly affect the performance of a watershed as an ecosystem unit with all components.

The integration of watershed management is indispensable that the efforts of the ecosystem approach for watershed management involves all major stakeholders and so complex that involves multiple resources (natural and artificial), multi-institutional, multi stakeholders (stakeholders) and cross-border (administrative and ecosystems). The pattern of watershed management relies on mechanisms of coordination and cooperation.

Coordination function is the process of controlling a wide range of activities, policies or decisions of various organizations and institutions in order to achieve harmony in achieving the agreed goals and objectives. Two aspects are important in coordinating aspects of policy coordination and coordination of activities or programs. Policy coordination in general resemble coordination in policy formulation and decision making.

Because the watershed management involves many sectors, there will be overlapping policies and even a collision of interests among sectoral departments. To prevent these problems by Asdak C. (2007) it is necessary to coordinate the formulation of policies, namely:
1) Coordination of preventive policies, namely prevention as early as possible collisions of interest between the various agencies involved.
2) Coordinate strategic, more focused on the efforts of harmonization between a particular policy with the strategic interests of the general achievement of objectives that have been agreed.

Coordination of programs are generally more concerned with coordinating the activities of the administration, according to Asdak C. (2007) can be divided into:
1) Coordination procedural administration, generally geared to create harmony procedures and administrative methods.
2) Coordination substantial administrative, aimed to create a harmony of work and activities (synergy), for each unit of organizations including the individual in order to achieve efficiency, effectiveness, and productivity of policy implementation in order to achieve the ultimate goal of which has been agreed.