CMOS IC Material

Complementary Metal Oxyde Semiconductor (CMOS) has one feature with a more flexible input voltage that is between 3.5 Volts to 15 Volts but, the input voltage exceeding 12 Volts will waste power. There are several things that need to be done to avoid damage to the CMOS IC before being paired into the circuit. This needs to be done because ...

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Comparator Circuit

The comparator is a circuit that can compare the input voltage. The comparator usually uses Op-Amp as the primary device in the circuit. Vref is connected to + V supply, then R1 and R2 are used as voltage dividers, so the voltage value referenced to the + op-amp input is: V = [R1 / R1 + R2)] Vsupply The op-amp ...

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Inverter Working Principle

Inverter working principle is generally the same as the power supply that supplies DC current to AC and also works to convert dc voltage into ac current. You need a car battery / DC Direct Current to be converted into AC / Alternating Current. The durability of an inverter circuit is determined not from watts but from the battery / ...

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Op-Amp Characteristics

In designing level meter signals, temperature control hysteresis, oscillators, signal generators, audio amplifiers, mic boosters, active filters such as bass tape filters, mixers, signal converters, integrators, differentiators, comparators and a host of other applications, -back component data called op-amp. Components of analog electronics in the packaging of ICs (integrated circuits) is indeed a versatile component and used in many applications ...

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Inverter Application

Usefulness of frequency change feature by inverter can be seen in AC (Air Conditioner). AC uses compressor to cool the room. In AC without an inverter, this compressor can only run at full speed, or not run at all. If the room temperature is too high than the set temperature, the compressor is run, if too low, the compressor is ...

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FLIP-FLOP Basic Material

Is a circuit that can store binary state (as long as there is power in the circuit) until there is a change in the input signal flip-flop base circuit. Flip-flops can be created from the following two NAND or NOR gates: A. RS Flip-Flop With Clock By adding several gates to the base circuit input section, they can only respond ...

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