To simplify the logic equations of four variables, Kmap is the most effective method. But if the equation was more than four variables this method will have trouble. Method Quine Mc. Cluskey adalh one possible way to simplify a logical expression of more than four variables. Here are the steps; When given the logic equation F = Σ (0,3,7,8,9,13) a. ...

Read More »## Boolean Algebra

Boolean algebra is algebra associated with binary variables and logic operations. The variables are shown with letters of the alphabet, and three basic operations with AND, OR and NOT (complement). Boolean function consists of binary variables that indicate the function, an equal sign, and an algebraic expression formed by using binary variables, constants 0 and 1, the symbols of logic ...

Read More »## Karnaugh Map

Simplification of the rules of logic equations with K-map; a. For the logical expression of n variables required K-map with 2n box. The numbering sequence is based on the code gray box. b. Enter data from the truth table into the K-map c. Simplification is done by combining adjacent boxes with a membership of 2m boxes and boxes formations form ...

Read More »## General Requirements Sensors and Transducers

In selecting equipment sensors and transducers are appropriate and in accordance with the system to be censored is necessary to note the general requirements of the following sensors: (D Sharon, et al, 1982) a. linearity There are many sensors that generate output signals that vary continuously in response to the continuously changing inputs. For example, a heat sensor can generate ...

Read More »## Type Sensors and Transducers

The development of sensors and transducers very quickly according to the progress of automation technology, increasingly complex an automated system is built, the more types of sensors are used. Robotics is as an example of a complex automation system, sensors are used here can be categorized into two types of sensors, namely: a. Internal sensor, the sensor mounted on the ...

Read More »## Gate NOR and Exclusive

Basic gate NOR is equivalent to two open switch mounted parallel / row. 2:47 Picture equivalent electrical circuit NOR gate Will happen outputs “1” when all the switches A = “0” or B = “0”. NOR gate is equal to the OR gate installed in series with a NOT gate. Figure 2:48 NOR gate Functions NOR gate equation f (A, ...

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