Cellulose nitrate was first discovered by some chemists in the early 19th century, namely Braconnet of France (1833), Schönbein of Switzerland (1845), and Parkes of Britain (1855). At first, Parkeslah which produces cellulose nitrate and commercialize them as topical material. At the initial stage, the development of materials engineering quality was very slow due to the limitations of the solvent (solvent) is used as a diluent (thinner).
The situation is less encouraging in the beginning of nitrocellulose resins to unveil since amyl acetate solvent (amyl acetate) was discovered by JH Stevens of the United States (1882). With the invention of amyl acetate, there was a massive change in the world of industrial materials rub them, especially modern industrial nitrocellulose lacquer. Amyl acetate is an active solvent of NC with a slow evaporation. Surface layer of nitrocellulose films become more shiny, smooth, smooth, and flat.
Similarly, the surface layer of paint is not dull and not mengabut (blushing). Given amyl acetate, demand for car painting and furniture with nitrocellulose materials to be high. Can also be started using a conveyor or a conveyor belt for large-scale plant with a quick-drying systems by their material is rubbed nitrocellulose. They compared topical material, such as camphor, synthetic resin alkyd enamel, and copal varnish, paint and varnish NC-based resins are superior in appearance olesnya their results.
Similarly, new paint is more economical when considered in terms of the value of the benefits and costs for the application. In short time to solve the topical or finishing their vehicles with NC stimulate the increase automobile industry. Nitrocellulose with a high viscosity level can be used for painting the goods are not rigid, such as leather and textiles. Nitrocellulose with a low viscosity level is used in the manufacture of paint lacquer or paint Duko with a mixture of high solid content, but it is diluted to meet the film thickness in accordance with the provisions laid down by spraying.
In Indonesia, nitrocellulose paints used for topical furmitur Duco them and to their repeated topical or refinishing the car and the vehicle disabled by the collision. Now assemblers / karoseri no longer rely duco paint or lacquer dry air (air cleaning), but rather utilize paint baking oven or paint suitable for new paint and lasts longer for the car exposed to the sun and ultra violet straight. Duko furniture or furnishings that were in the room of course is still a lot of lacquers or paints utilize this Duko.
Export products, mainly furniture reproduction of the golden age of Chippendale, Rokoko, Baroque, Renaissance, many of which must be designed rubbed with nitrocellulose. Buyers want a quality topical them with a high level of quality. Indeed, there are also other finishing for furniture reproduction, namely precatalisator, melamine, and polyurethane. However, NC superior to variation and creation, both in the use of glaze, polish, and the possibility of improvement in place.
Some disadvantages NC is easily softened and sticky when exposed to heat (thermoplastic) so often raised the problem of sticky (sticky) with wrapping material when the container is exported to wear, due to the heat that can reach 60-80 ° C. To that end, the container walls need to be coated with a heat-absorbing material. We can also choose the material they are in the NC topical formula contains ingredients lubricant or slip agent so as not mutually sticky.
During application, the use of their material is not difficult nitrocellulose topical than when we use other topical type of material they are made up of two components, namely the base resin and pengerasnya.
An advantage especially in the cleanup after the work is over, and do not contaminate the environment around the spray booth. Because NC dries by evaporation thinner and consists of only one component material, the attachment is in the spray gun and the tools they easily dissolved topical again or washed out with thinner to clean again.