With the condition of the land / topography sloping and hilly, allowing erosion / washout soil is above all lands under it when the rainy season arrives. This has been recognized by society, they dilahan terracing to prevent soil runoff water. Creating terracing / talud is done individually or in mutual cooperation. In four hamlets in the village Girisekar Arupa partners, the awareness to keep the soil from erosion by making / repairing terracing is also done by the community.
Workmanship manufacture / repair the terracing was preceded by meetings of the group in advance to discuss the improvement plan / terracing and land should be a priority as soon as possible to do repair / manufacture. Once agreed, they set the schedule / time to do repairs / making of embankments. After the repair / manufacture talud completed plant communities around talud / terraces with plants that could impede the flow of soil due to erosion.
Examples of crops grown by the community around the embankments are grass / turf kolonjono other crops besides this is done by the members of the People’s Forest Farmers Group (KTHR) Hamlet Subur Arum Jeruken and member KTHR Jati Dusun Waru. Greening / reforestation is also implemented as an attempt to rehabilitate degraded land in the area of their hamlet. This is done by Farmers Group Sido Ijo which is clump conservation of KTHR Sekar Jati Dusun Eco Blimbing, greening plant species seedlings planted include teak, mahogany, acacia.
KTHR Trubus hamlet Pijenan planting seedlings breadfruit and banana seedlings with long-term goals. Aside from the conservation benefits do which is to halt soil erosion, people also benefit by planting crops or elephant grass grown under stands that can later be harvested and enjoyed by members of KTHR or to KTHR own.
Figure 21. Manufacture of terracing
One is the traditional technology terracing and Subak. This terraced planting method in addition to making a rice field look very charming in terraced land it also stores a million meanings. Terracing planting method is intended to take advantage and to maximize land on steep hills. It also can be a technique for controlling a mechanical avalanche. Mechanical approach is often considered to be the right choice when the plant is considered inadequate to prevent soil erosion.
The beauty of the terraced rice fields also makes the local visitors and foreign visitors spellbound. Bahka some paddy fields in Bali is also well known in the world, including Tegalalang and Jatiluwih which is also protected by UNESCO as a world cultural heritage. In addition to the unique cultivation, the community also adopted the Bali called Subak irrigation distribution.
Subak irrigation system have been known since hundreds of years ago that proved able to increase the productivity of agricultural land on the island of Bali. Subak irrigation system is precisely masyarat Bali to get a water allocation in accordance with applicable regulations. And the applicable provisions of this deliberation results obtained from the villagers. Subak irrigation system were also woken temple where the temple will be governed by traditional leaders who was also a farmer.
The Subak temple to temple called Pura Bedugul Uluncarik or is destined for prosperity and fertility goddess, Dewi Sri. In addition Subak is the application of the concept of Tri Hita Karana. Or a harmonious relationship between man and God, man and nature and the relationship between man and man. Subak irrigation system activity is not just merely about watering, but also extends to issues of ritual and also to worship invoke abundant sustenance.
Figure 22. System Subak in Bali