Goals and objectives should be linked to watershed characteristics such as social, cultural, economic, physical, and biological to be managed. However, the targets will be achieved in general is to enhance or improve the state of the watershed so that the level of productivity in these places remains high and at the same time, the negative impact caused by the land use management activities in the downstream area can be minimized.
Watershed management framework consists of three-dimensional analysis of river basin management approach, namely (Hufschmidt, 1986 in Asdak C, 2007):
1) watershed management as a process that involves the steps of planning and implementation of a separate but closely related.
2) Management of watersheds as management and planning system as a means of implementation of watershed management programs through relevant institutional and related.
3) The management of the watershed as a series of activities that each related and requires specific management tools.
Conceptually, watershed management is seen as a system of planning of activity of resource management including land use, management practices and utilization of local resources and practice management resources outside the area of activities, and as an implementation tool for putting efforts watershed management as effectively as possible through the elements communities and individuals, as well as organizational and institutional arrangements in the area of implementation.
Criteria and Performance Indicators Ecosystem Watershed
In the watershed ecosystem management guidelines, criteria and performance indicators DAS needs to be determined for the success or failure of the results of watershed management programs can be monitored and evaluated through the criteria and indicators determined specifically for this purpose. Criteria and indicators of watershed management should be simple and practical enough to be implemented, scalable, and easily understood, especially by the management of watersheds and other parties who have an interest in the watershed management program.
Determination of criteria and performance indicators aligned to be relevant to the purposes of establishing criteria and indicators and expected to be able to determine that the watershed management program is considered successful or not / less / no avail. In other words, status or “health” of a watershed can be determined using the criteria of governance conditions on land use, socio-economic and institutional criteria. Table 5 shows the criteria and indicators to determine the performance of DAS.
Land-use, ability and suitability of land is one of the indicators in watershed management efforts. Various types, deployment and extensive land use is an indicator of the balance of land cover in the watershed. Based on the ability of the land can be analyzed if the land use was appropriate compared to the existing land use.