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Types of Wood For Furniture

(a) Teak
Teak or Latin called Tectona grandis, is a type of wood that is included in durable class I-II, and the strong class II. Teak wood has a particular color pattern on brown wood porch rather young to old greenish. Color pattern of teak wood has a very beautiful decorative value and attractive, causing much in demand by manufacturers of furniture and wood processing industry. Besides the beauty of the style, teak wood has the properties of workmanship that is easy to moderate, low burst, straight fibers or blends although the texture is somewhat coarse. Teak in its use is including special wood because it can be used for all purposes (multipurpose).

(b) Mahogany
Mahogany is a classification that included in the family Meliaceae. There are two types of species are well known, namely Swietenia macrophylla (mahogany leaf width) and Swietenia mahagoni (mahogany small leaves). Small leaf mahogany is not recommended to be developed because it is very sensitive to shoot borer attack. This plant grows on climate type A to D, the area of ​​seasonal dry or wet. Altitude appropriate for this plant ranges between 0-1000 m above sea level.

This plant can reach a height of 40 m with a trunk diameter can reach more than 100 cm. Canopy shaped like a dome, softwood or sapwood pink, while the wooden porch dark red to brown. Mahogany can be used for furniture, veneer, sports equipment, musical instruments and building purposes. In order to obtain good quality timber for carpentry, wood is harvested after the age of 30 years or more.

Mahogany from Central America and South America. These plants into Indonesia in 1872 by India, then developed extensively in Java circa 1892-1902. The tree will bear fruit after the plant was 12 years or more, namely in July to August. Ripe fruit brown to dark brown (PIKA, 1981).

(c) Wood Sonokeling
Wood sonokling (dalbergia latifolia) is a type of wood that has advantages in terms of color, especially the color of the wood porch dark red / purple with black stripes dark. Although the wood has a large shrinkage and development properties and a high degree of cracking, but sonokling wood has a very smooth texture, straight or blended fibers and are included in the category
wood durable class I and class II with a strong air dry density average of 0.90. In general sonokling wood is commonly used for wood furnishings, flooring, boards, sports equipment and music, sculpture and carving, luxury finir, clay work and work swivel (PIKA, 1981).

(d) Wood Suren / surian
Wood suren (Toona sureni Merr) is a type of wood that has a red color of meat. Suren wood has a large shrinkage and development properties and a high degree of cracking. Suren Wood also has a texture rather hard and rather smooth, wavy and straight fibers are included in category IV grade wood durable and strong class III-IV with air dry density average of 0.39. Based on existing properties, suren wood is usually used for wood utensils, boards, crates, cigar boxes, lumber, plywood, door and window frames, timber shipping, carving and sculpture, pencil, molding. (PIKA, 1981).

(e) Wood Sungkai
Sungkai or teak Latin Sabrang called pronema canescens Jac, is a type of wood that belongs to a class III durable and strong class II-III. Sungkai has a color pattern of air dried wood porch yellowish white. Sungkai has easy processing properties, yet high enough power breakdown, wavy and straight fibers have slightly rough texture. Sungkai the usefulness designated as lumber, wood furnishings, flooring, boards, carving and sculpture, as well as wooden luxury finir ornamentil.

(f) Wood Bangkirai
Wood bangkirai or benuas; anggelam, Latin name Shorea laevifolia Ender, is a type of wood that is included in durable class I, and a strong class I-II. Bangkirai wooden terrace has a style air-dried wood color yellow brown (reddish). Wood bangkirai have the nature of the work being to hard, cracked power medium-high, straight or blended fibers and has a rough texture rather subtle. Wood bangkirai the usefulness designated as wooden buildings, bridges, electricity poles / telephone, bearings, tools wood, plywood, flooring, timber shipping, the axis windmill and a keg.

(g) Timber Keruing
Wood keruing or lagan; bayan; mengkeluang, Dipterocarpus Latin name, is a type of wood that belongs to a class III durable and strong class II- (I). Keruing wooden terrace has a style air-dried wood color red brown, orange / red bright. Wood keruing have the nature of the work is rather difficult, and development of small shrinkage, cracking low power, fiber
straight or combined and has a slightly rough texture. Wood keruing the usefulness earmarked as construction timber, wooden utensils, plywood, flooring, boards, pads, timber shipping, and bridges.

(h) Wood Bayur
Bayur wood or cayur, WADANG, balang, Pterospermum Latin name, is a type of wood that belongs to a class IV durable and strong class II-III. Bayur wood porch has wood color pattern of red brown air dry. Bayur wood has easy processing properties, shrinkage and development of small, low-power cracking, straight or blended fibers and has a slightly rough texture. Wood bayur the usefulness designated as timber, wooden utensils, plywood, flooring, boards, timber shipping, carving and sculpture, crates, equipment handles, combs, door and window frames.

(i) Wood Bintangur
Bintangur or lime wood dragon, acacia, nyamplung, bunut callophyllum Latin name, is a type of wood that belongs to a class III durable and strong class II-III. Bintangur wooden terrace has a style air-dried wood color dark red, red-brown, pink-brown / yellow red. Wood bintangur have the nature of the work is up to the heavy, large shrinkage flower, a burst being, fiber blends and has a slightly rough texture-rough and uneven. Wood bintangur the usefulness earmarked as construction timber, wooden utensils, plywood, flooring, boards, pads, shipping timber, poles, crates, chipboard and a diving board.

(j) Wood Durian
Durian wood or wide-open; duren; dahuian, tuleno Durio and coelostegia its Latin name, is a type of wood that belongs to a class IV-V durable and strong class II-III. Durian wood has a color pattern of air dried wood porch red, pink / red brown. Wood durian has easy processing properties, and development of a large shrinkage, cracking power is low, straight fibers are sometimes combined and has a rough texture and uneven. Wood durian in intended uses as timber, plywood, crates, frames, cigar boxes and boards.

(k) Wood Pulai
Wood pulai or lame, legarang, stoolwood Alstonia Latin name, is a type of wood that belongs to a class III-V durable, and powerful class IV. Wood island has a color pattern of air dried wood porch yellowish white. Wood pulai has easy processing properties, fireworks shrinkage being, fiber blends and has a somewhat coarse-grained texture. Wood pulai the usefulness of plywood, crates, carving and sculpture, lighters, pulp, drawing tools, molding, boards and hack shoes.

(l) Wood Ramin
Ramin wood or aloes vera; R. melawisnama; menameng Latin Gonystylus bancanus kurz, is a type of wood that belongs to a class IV-V durable and strong class II-III. Wood raminmemiliki corakwarna air-dried wood porch light yellow whitish. Ramin has easy processing properties but easily broken because of ferns, flowers large shrinkage, power retaktinggi, little fiber blends and has a rather smooth and uniform texture. Ramin in its usefulness as a designated timber, plywood, wood furnishings, flooring, boards, moldings, frames, curtains, handles equipment, children’s toys, door and window frames.